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Английские топики, темы. Outstanding Persons. Выдающиеся люди.


      Speaking about outstanding persons of the world, I’d like to tell some words about such famous persons as, Mikhail Lomonosov, William Shakespeare, and Ernest Hemingway.

      Mikhail Lomonosov is the father of the Russian science and one of the most famous universities in the world. Lomonosov was born in 1711 in Arkhangelsk Region. He began to read when he was a little boy. He always wanted to study and when he was nineteen he went to Moscow. He entered the Slavic-Greek-Latin Academy. Lomonosov worked hard and became a great scientist. Lomonosov opened the first Russian chemistry lab. He was a physicist, a painter, an astronomer, a geographer, a historian and a statesman. In 1755 Mikhail Lomonosov founded Moscow University which is now Moscow State University.

      Lomonosov was also the author of many odes and poems. He also published a lot of scientific works, including the first book on Russian grammar. Lomonosov died in 1765 but people still remember him.

      William Shakespeare was the greatest dramatist and writer. He was born in Stratford-upon-Avon in 1564. His father was a glover and his mother was the daughter of a famous farmer. Shakespeare went to grammar school, but he never entered any university. He is famous for his great tragedies including Hamlet, Othello, Macbeth and the best known love story in the world Romeo and Juliet.

      William Shakespeare also wrote poetry, including the sonnets. He worked as an actor and a playwright at the Globe Theatre in London.

      Shakespeare married once and had three children. After his death in 1616 his house in Stratford became a museum and now it is a popular place with tourists. Shakespeare's plays were staged in many theatres and translated into numerous languages. They are still read and loved by many people

      Ernest Hemingway is another outstanding person. He is one of the greatest American writers. Ernest was born in Illinois in 1899 in the family of a doctor. In childhood Ernest was a great sportsman. He was also a very clever student at school. He wrote poetry and prose for the school magazine.

      In 1914 World War I began, and Hemingway joined the Army. The war made a great influence on his future work.

      In 1920 Ernest returned to the United States and started working as a foreign journalist in a newspaper. But his dream was to write novels. He travelled a lot to get material for his work. His first novel was A Farewell to Arms. It made Hemingway famous. In this novel he protests against war.

      In 1936 Hemingway went to Spain and took part in the Civil War. Later he wrote another novel called For Whom the Bell Tolls. It was devoted to the Americans who died in the war for Spain.

      During World War II Hemingway was a war journalist. In 1954 he was given the Nobel Prize for literature for his last novel The Old Man and the Sea which was called the best of his works.