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Английские топики, темы. Great Britain. Великобритания.


      The United Kingdom includes Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Great Britain is the largest island in Europe. It contains England, Scotland and Wales. The population is over 57 million people.

      The British Isles are separated from European continent by the North Sea and the English Channel. The western coast of GB is washed by the Atlantic Ocean and the Irish Sea.

      London is the capital of the country. It is its economic, political and cultural center. It is situated on the River Thames. It is the largest city in Europe with a population of 9 million people.

      English is the official language.

      The population of the U. K. is about 60 million people. The population lives mostly in towns and cities and their suburbs. There are many people of all colours and races in the United Kingdom.

      The climate of Great Britain is mild. It is not too hot in summer and not too cold in winter. It often rains in England. Rain falls in summer and in winter, in autumn and in spring.

      There are many rivers in Great Britain. The main river is the Thames. The longest river is the Severn. It is 350 kilometres long. Besides, there are many lakes in Great Britain. The Lake District is the most beautiful.

      There are many universities, colleges, libraries, museums and theatres in the country. The most famous universities are Cambridge University and Oxford University.

      The U. K. is a parliamentary monarchy. The Queen is the head of the state. But in practice it is ruled by the Parliament. The British Parliament consists of two Houses: the House of Lords and the House of Commons. The Prime Minister is the head of the government.

      The United Kingdom has some mineral resources. Coal and oil are the most important.